Water is required for agriculture. Sometimes this water requirement
is fulfilled by rain, but there are some dry areas where irrigation
is the only process by which water is supplied to crops.
Irrigation can be termed as the artificial process of applying water to the
soil to help in growing agricultural crops or maintaining the
landscapes when there is shortage of natural water by rain
Irrigation engineering deals with the analysis and design of
irrigation systems which include dams, weir, barrage, canals, drains
and other supporting systems etc.
Good knowledge of
hydraulics or fluid mechanics is very much required for design
of irrigation system.
There are different types of Irrigation techniques. Depending
upon the mode of water distribution we can classify them as given
The above methods have their own advantages and
disadvantages in terms of efficiency and application.
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